That it trust is very sad inside the arid surroundings such as for example The brand new Mexico, in which forage high quality can be hugely lower long lasting variety out of forage. Therefore, standing men and women are worst because of a thickness-independent feeling (lowest forage top quality) in lieu of thickness dependency. Such density-independent (meaning that it does not matter if there are numerous otherwise few people within the a society) consequences may drop off condition and increase predisposition. Once more, included here are things such as drought one to reduce way to obtain hearty ingredients, or times when the video game diversity is actually poor condition while the regarding few high quality meals down to earlier overutilization (DeYoung et al., 2000; Bender and you may Create, 2005; Bender and you may Rosas-Rosas, 2016). In these instances, it doesn’t matter if there are numerous otherwise not everyone on population (we.age., long lasting degree of battle), every person try not to in order to get good shape while the health top-notch the fresh new forage is basically inadequate (Bender and you will Get ready, 2005).
To have types such as for example ungulates that have highly complicated age structures, the level of age structuring also has an effect on the outcome from predation on the a people
Age-organized populations is going to be looked at as “communities within communities” (Bender, 2018). Such as for example, teenager and you may adult deer differ, and you can respond to funding fret in different ways. (เพิ่มเติม…)